This document specifies the recommended proportions for the symbols used in technical product documentation. It gives recommended dimensions based on the grid related to the line width to be used. This document does not apply to symbols used in process plant documentation, which are covered in ISO 81714-1. The proportions of the symbols are based on the standard heights of lettering given in ISOÂ 3098-1.

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This document specifies requirements for the preparation, revision and presentation of digital product definition data, hereafter referred to as data sets, complementing existing standards. It supports two methods of application: 3D model-only and 3D model with 2D drawing in digital format. The structure of this document presents requirements common to both methods followed by clauses providing for any essential, differing requirements for each method. Additionally, its use in conjunction with computer-aided design (CAD) systems can assist in the progression towards improved modelling and annotation practices for CAD and engineering disciplines, as well as serving as a guideline for CAx software developers. The actual definitions for the interpretation, in particular the ISO TPD and ISO GPS rules, are taken from the original definition standards, e.g. ISOÂ 129-1 and ISOÂ 1101. When the term model is used in this document it applies to both design models and annotated models.

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This document establishes rules for the simplified representation of threaded parts, with the exception of screw thread inserts, which are covered in ISO 6410-2. This representation is applicable when it is not necessary to show the exact shape and details of the parts (see ISO 6410-1), for example in assembly drawings.

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This document establishes the types of lines used in technical drawings (e.g. diagrams, plans or maps), their designations and their configurations, as well as general rules for the draughting of lines. In addition, this document specifies general rules for the representation of leader and reference lines and their components as well as for the arrangement of instructions on or at leader lines in technical documents. Annexes have been provided for specific information on mechanical, construction and shipbuilding technical drawings. For the purposes of this document the term "technical drawing" is interpreted in the broadest possible sense encompassing the total package of documentation specifying the product (workpiece, subassembly, assembly).

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This document specifies the general principles for presenting views, sections and cuts applicable to various kinds of technical drawings (e.g. mechanical, electrical, architectural, civil engineering), following the orthographic projection methods specified in ISO 5456-2. Views and sections for shipbuilding technical drawings are discussed in ISO 128-15. Views and sections for 3D models are discussed in ISO 16792. Attention has also been given in this document to the requirements of reproduction, including microcopying in accordance with ISO 6428.

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This document presents an index of the terms used in the ISO 128 series in English, French, German, Chinese, Russian and Japanese.

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This document gives general rules for the execution of technical drawings (2D and 3D), as well as presenting the structure of the other parts of the ISO 128 series. This document is applicable to technical drawing in the fields of mechanical engineering, construction, architecture and shipbuilding. It is applicable to both manual and computer-based technical drawings. For the purpose of this document the term "technical drawing" shall be interpreted in the broadest possible sense, encompassing the total package of documentation specifying the product (workpiece, subassembly, assembly).

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This document specifies the requirements for a digital mock-up virtual assembly test (VAT) for mechanical products, which is suitable for guiding virtual assembly testing before physical production. The application of this document is intended to result in an effective VAT and efficient on-site assembly. This test is applicable to 3D nominal models with theoretically exact dimensions.

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This document establishes rules and conventions for particular use with technical drawings on glassware, for example, laboratory glassware or glassware used in other technical fields. Optical parts are not, however, included herein.

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This document specifies the requirements and test conditions for water-based non-India inks intended for use in draughting instruments and intended for use on natural tracing paper conforming to ISO 9961, to provide for black line technical drawings.

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IEC/IEEE 82079-1:2019 is jointly developed and published by IEC, IEEE, and ISO and provides general principles and detailed requirements for the design and formulation of all types of instructions for use that will be necessary or helpful for users of products of all kinds, ranging from a tin of paint to large or highly complex products, such as large industrial machinery, turnkey based plants or buildings. IEC/IEEE 82079-1:2019 cancels and replaces the first edition IEC 82079-1:2012. This edition constitutes a technical revision. It includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) The structure of this document has been rearranged in order to facilitate application of the standard and to make it easier to find information. Where possible, the language has been simplified. b) Information for use is introduced as a generic term. Instructions for use is a synonym for information for use. Step-by-step instructions is used as a subset of information for use. c) Clause 5 (principles) is revised and focuses on the purpose of information for use, the quality of information and the process for management of information. d) The process for preparation of information for use is integrated in the normative part and addressed comprehensively. e) Empirical methods for the evaluation of information for use are described in the normative part. f) The professional competencies needed for the preparation of information for use are addressed more comprehensively. g) Some aspects have been added to general requirements for information for use for complex systems of systems. h) Consideration is given to instructions for self-assembly products. i) An informative annex providing guidance on the fulfilment of specified requirements is introduced. This horizontal standard is primarily intended for use by technical committees in the preparation of standards in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 108. One of the responsibilities of a technical committee is, wherever applicable, to make use of horizontal standards in the preparation of its publications. The contents of this horizontal standard will not apply unless specifically referred to or included in the relevant publications.

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This document lays down rules for the representation of modular sizes, lines and grids on construction drawings. The basic module M is 100 mm (see ISO 1006). Generally, modular sizes are for use on design drawings, but can also be added to production drawings for manufacturing, orientation and location.

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This document specifies classification, dimensions, quality and test methods for black leads used for mechanical pencils for general writing, as specified in ISO 20318-1.

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This document specifies classification, dimensions, quality and test methods for hand-held mechanical pencilss which hold and feed out a lead, and are used for general writing. It is also applicable to multi-function pens equipped with a mechanical pencil unit. However, those pencils attached to machinery instruments such as a plotter are excluded.

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ISO 21600:2019 specifies the composition, basic principles, preparation process, general requirements, detailed requirements, publication and application requirements, and management requirements of mechanical product digital manuals. ISO 21600:2019 is intended to be used for guidance in the preparation of digital manuals, which provide guidance in the use, repair and maintenance of products. It is also intended to be used for reference in production and manufacturing. ISO 21600:2019 does not specify function or data structure of any specific software. ISO 21600:2019 applies to the preparation of mechanical product digital manuals based on service bills of material and modularized technical information.

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This document specifies the rules and graphical symbols for the representations of splines and serrations in technical product documentation. Two methods of representation are specified: a) complete representation; b) simplified representation. The rules and graphical symbols specified in this document are applicable to detail drawings of parts (shafts and hubs) and to assembly drawings of joints. NOTE For uniformity, all the figures in this document have been drawn in the first-angle orthographic projection. A third-angle orthographic projection could equally have been used without prejudice to principles established.

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This document establishes rules for structuring of systems and the formulation of reference designations and provides classes for systems in the field of construction works and building services. This document also specifies a classification of objects and corresponding letter codes for use in reference designations of object occurences. This document is not intended for manufacturers or system-related designations of individuals (e.g. inventory number or serial number) or for product types (e.g. article number or parts number).

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ISO 129-5:2018 specifies the dimensioning of drawings for general use on structural metal work mainly consisting of plates, bars and profile sections.

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ISO 129-1:2018 establishes the general principles for presentation of dimensions and associated tolerances that apply to 2D technical drawings in all disciplines and trades but which can also be applied to 3D applications. ISO 129-1:2018 does not cover the application of dimensional tolerances and their meaning. See ISO 14405‑1 for tolerancing principles. This document can only be used to describe the nominal model of a drawing, not the non-ideal surface model (skin model) used for tolerancing purposes (for more information on tolerancing specifications, see the list of GPS standards listed as normative reference or as bibliography) Considering the ISO 14405 series, the presentation of tolerance indication is unambiguous when it is applied to a dimension which is a size and ambiguous when the dimension is not a size. All rules presented in this document are available for any type of drawing (see ISO 29845). In addition, this document introduces the concept of property indicators, developed length, between, surface indicators, flag notes and textual instructions. NOTE 1 All figures are shown in 2D views only. NOTE 2 Additional information and details for construction engineering are given in ISO 6284.

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ISO 12757-1:2017 establishes minimum quality requirements for ball point pens (refillable or non-refillable) and refills for general use. Additional requirements for ball point pens for documentary use are given in ISO 12757‑2.

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ISO 6412-1:2017 specifies rules and conventions for the execution of simplified drawings for the representation of all kinds of pipes and pipelines made of all sorts of materials (rigid and flexible). ISO 6412-1:2017 is used whenever it is necessary to represent pipes or pipelines in a simplified manner. For the purposes of this document, the figures illustrate the text only and should not be considered as design examples. NOTE This document can also be used for the representation of similar installations, such as ventilation or air-conditioning systems; in such cases, the term "duct", etc. is substituted for the term "pipe".

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ISO 6412-2:2017 specifies supplementary rules, in addition to the general rules given in ISO 6412-1, applicable to isometric representation. Isometric representation is used where it is necessary to show the essential features clearly in three dimensions.

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ISO 6412-3:2017 specifies simplified representations used in technical drawings for terminal features of ventilation and drains in pipeline systems.

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ISO 27668-1:2017 establishes minimum quality requirements for gel ink ball pens (refillable and non-refillable) and refills for general use. Additional requirements for gel ink ball pens for documentary use are given in ISO 27668‑2.

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ISO 8887-1:2017 specifies the requirements for the preparation, content and structure of technical product documentation (TPD) of design output for the cycles of manufacturing, assembling, disassembling and end-of-life processing of products. It describes the TPD needed at the critical stages of a design process. It identifies and describes methods and conventions appropriate to the preparation of documentation, in whatever form, necessary to realize a design including the application to multiple life cycles. It extends beyond specification for the manufacturing and assembling of products to incorporate guidance on the ultimate reusing, recovering, recycling and disposing of the components and materials used.

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ISO 13567-2:2017 covers the organization and allocation of layers for CAD on construction projects for the purposes of communication and management.

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ISO 13567-1:2017 establishes the general principles of layer structuring within CAD files. Layers are used to control visibility and to manage and communicate CAD file data. Layer names are used to represent this structure. The principles are applicable to all parties involved in preparing and using technical documentation on computer systems. Although these principles are primarily for users, CAD system developers are expected to provide software tools capable of implementing and supporting ISO 13567-1:2017. An important use is also to structure data in component libraries produced by third parties.

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ISO 13715:2017 specifies rules for the indication and dimensioning of undefined edges in technical product and dimensions. The proportions and dimensions of the graphical symbols to be used are also specified. In cases where the geometrically defined shape of an edge (for example, 1 × 45°) is required, the general dimensioning principles given in ISO 129‑1 apply.

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ISO 12756:2016 defines terms related to ball point pens and roller ball pens.

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ISO 9177-1:2016 specifies classification, dimensions, performance requirements and testing for hand-held mechanical pencils used for technical drawings.

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ISO 15787:2016 specifies the manner of presenting and indicating the final condition of heat‐treated ferrous parts in technical drawings.

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ISO 16016:2016 specifies the protection notices which serve to prevent the improper use of documents and products whose usage is restricted. With the benefit of a uniform text, protection notices draw attention to the existence of an industrial property right or copyright. Furthermore, they clearly show that the owner of the right claims legal protection to the fullest extent and, in addition to this, they restrict the utilization of the documents or products concerned.

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ISO 18388:2016 specifies a series of relief grooves for shafts and holes, intended for general use in mechanical engineering. It also intends to avoid unnecessary multiplicity of tools by a restricted selection of groove-types and dimensional versions. NOTE The shape and the dimensions of the relief grooves type G and H correspond with the "Indexable hard material inserts" according to ISO 6987.

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ISO 16792:2015 specifies requirements for the preparation, revision, and presentation of digital product definition data, hereafter referred to as data sets. It supports two methods of application: model-only and model and drawing in digital format. Its structure presents requirements common to both methods followed by clauses providing for any essential, differing requirements for each method. Additionally, its use in conjunction with computer-aided design (CAD) systems could assist in the progression towards improved modelling and annotation practices for CAD and engineering disciplines, as well as serving as a guideline for IT engineers. The aspects specified in this International Standard refer mainly, but not exclusively, to requirements that differ or are additional to those provided in existing, related standards. Where no such requirements are identified, it is safe to assume that the appropriate existing ISO standards are instead applicable.

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ISO 128-43:2015 defines two projection methods used in building drawings, namely ? direct orthographic projection method and ? mirrored orthographic projection method, and also provides the symbols applicable for each method.

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ISO 14084-1:2015 specifies types of process diagrams for power plants and rules and guidelines for the preparation and representation of information in such diagrams.

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ISO 15519-2:2015 provides rules and guidelines for representation of measurement, control, and actuation in diagrams for process industry.

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ISO 14084-2:2015 specifies graphical symbols for process diagrams for power plants and guidelines for creation of new graphical symbol examples. ISO 14084-2:2015 is a collective application standard of the ISO 14617‑series. Graphical symbols for fluid power diagrams can be found in ISO 1219‑1. Graphical symbols for electrotechnical diagrams can be found in IEC 60617.

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ISO 3098-1:2015 specifies the general requirements for lettering, in accordance with the other parts of ISO 3098, to be used in technical product documentation (in particular on technical drawings). It includes basic conventions as well as rules for the application of lettering using the following techniques: free-hand lettering (by means of an underlaid "grid"); templates and manual lettering instruments; dry transfer systems; numerically controlled lettering and draughting systems.

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ISO/TS 81346-10:2015 contains sector-specific stipulations for structuring principles and reference designation rules on technical products and technical product documentation of power plants. It applies in combination with IEC 81346‑2, ISO/TS 81346‑3, VGB-B 101 and VGB-B 102 for the classification of systems and objects, and for function-, product- and location-specific designation of technical products and their documentation for power plants. It specifies the designation blocks for the clear identification and localization of the technical products, which are used for their labelling in the plant, for their designation in technical documents and for the designation of the technical documents as well. This Technical Specification encompasses the process of energy conversion. The specifications in this document apply for the power plant process, for the primary energy supply and final products distribution, as well as for auxiliary media and auxiliary energy supply, waste materials and waste energy disposal. This Technical Specification is not applicable to recovery of the primary energy and the media for supplying the process, nor to the processing of residues from process disposal (e.g. gypsum, slag products, waste water, etc.).

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ISO 17599:2015 specifies the requirements for the classification, composition, modelling, review, application, and management of digital mock-up. This International Standard for mechanical products is applicable to the building, management, review, and application of digital mock-up.

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ISO/TR 16310:2014 intends to specify the requirements and needs for supplying and managing standardized symbolic descriptions of objects that need to be specified in the construction process. Within this context, the term "symbol" is interpreted to cover pure symbolic presentation as well as simplified representation of geometrical shapes of objects.

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ISO 10628-1:2014 specifies the classification, content, and representation of flow diagrams. In addition, it lays down drafting rules for flow diagrams for chemical and petrochemical industry. ISO 10628 does not apply to electrical engineering diagrams. ISO 10628-1:2014 is a collective application standard of ISO 15519.

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ISO 11540:2014 specifies requirements to reduce the risk of asphyxiation from caps for writing and marking instruments. It relates to such instruments which in normal or foreseeable circumstances are likely to be used by children up to the age of 14 years. ISO 11540:2014 is not applicable to the following: writing and marking instruments which are designed or only intended for use by adults (e.g. jewellery pens, expensive fountain pens, professional technical pens); transit caps for refills.

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ISO 128-15:2013 specifies the presentation of shipbuilding drawings for general use on metal hulls.

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ISO 129-4:2013 specifies the dimensioning for general use on metal hulls on shipbuilding drawings.

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ISO 10628-2:2012 defines graphical symbols for the preparation of diagrams for the chemical and petrochemical industry. It is a collective application standard of the ISO 14617 series. ISO 10628-2:2012 does not apply to graphical symbols for electrotechnical diagrams; for these, see IEC 60617.

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ISO 13444:2012 specifies a series of knurling dimensions intended for general use in mechanical engineering and is intended to avoid an unnecessary multiplicity of tools by restricting the profile angle to 90° and by restricting the selection of diametral pitches.

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