Information and documentation - Qualitative conditions and basic statistics for library buildings -- Space, function and design

ISO/TR 11219:2012 specifies data for the planning of library buildings. It also provides guidance on the selection of technical building equipment for the different functional areas of libraries. ISO/TR 11219:2012 is applicable to all types of libraries in all countries, but especially to academic and public libraries.

Information et documentation -- Conditions qualitatives et statistiques fondamentales pour bâtiments de bibliothèques -- Espaces, fonctions et conception

Informatika in dokumentacija - Kakovostni pogoji in osnovna statistika za zgradbe knjižnic - Prostor, funkcija in oblikovanje

To tehnično poročilo navaja podatke za načrtovanje zgradb knjižnic. Ponuja tudi napotke za izbiro tehnične opreme za različna funkcionalna območja knjižnic. To tehnično poročilo se uporablja za vse vrste knjižnic v vseh državah, vendar je posebej osredotočeno na javne in univerzitetne knjižnice. Ne vključuje podrobnosti o nacionalnih, regionalnih ali lokalnih predpisih, ki lahko vplivajo na načrtovanje zgradb knjižnic.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
23-Apr-2012
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
13-Apr-2012
Completion Date
24-Apr-2012

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TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 11219
First edition
2012-05-01
Information and documentation —
Qualitative conditions and basic
statistics for library buildings — Space,
function and design
Information et documentation — Conditions qualitatives et statistiques
fondamentales pour bâtiments de bibliothèques — Espaces, fonctions
et conception
Reference number
ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)
ISO 2012
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2012

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56  CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................ vi

Introduction ....................................................................................................................................................... vii

1  Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 1

2  Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................... 1

3  Planning library buildings .................................................................................................................. 13

3.1  First steps in planning ........................................................................................................................ 13

3.2  Factors affecting library space requirements .................................................................................. 16

3.3  Special service areas .......................................................................................................................... 19

3.4  Joint facilities ....................................................................................................................................... 27

4  Usable areas ........................................................................................................................................ 28

4.1  General ................................................................................................................................................. 28

4.2  Space for user places ......................................................................................................................... 29

4.3  Space for events and exhibitions ...................................................................................................... 34

4.4  Space for lending ................................................................................................................................ 35

4.5  Space for reference and information ................................................................................................. 37

4.6  Space for other usage areas .............................................................................................................. 38

4.7  Space for collections .......................................................................................................................... 40

4.8  Space for library staff .......................................................................................................................... 66

4.9  Other spaces for library management and technical services ....................................................... 69

5  Technical building issues ................................................................................................................... 76

5.1  Storage conditions .............................................................................................................................. 76

5.2  Load assumption ................................................................................................................................. 81

5.3  Conveyor systems ............................................................................................................................... 85

5.4  Security and safety systems .............................................................................................................. 88

5.5  Light and lighting ................................................................................................................................ 91

5.6  Acoustic conditions ............................................................................................................................ 98

5.7  Floor construction and covering ..................................................................................................... 102

5.8  Wiring .................................................................................................................................................. 110

5.9  Sign system ....................................................................................................................................... 114

6  Outdoor space ................................................................................................................................... 116

6.1  General ............................................................................................................................................... 116

6.2  Access ................................................................................................................................................ 116

6.3  Open spaces ...................................................................................................................................... 117

7  Barrier free construction .................................................................................................................. 118

7.1  General ............................................................................................................................................... 118

7.2  Measures for barrier free design ..................................................................................................... 118

7.3  Sign system ....................................................................................................................................... 119

7.4  Overview ............................................................................................................................................. 119

8  Sustainable building ......................................................................................................................... 120

8.1  General ............................................................................................................................................... 120

8.2  Energy efficiency ............................................................................................................................... 120

8.3  Conservation of natural resources .................................................................................................. 121

Annex A (informative) Reconstruction and reorganisation of old buildings ............................................ 122

Annex B (informative) List of functional areas and rooms ......................................................................... 125

Bibliography .................................................................................................................................................... 129

© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)
Figures

Figure 1 — Access to shelving sections ............................................................................................................ 51

Tables

Table 1 — Shelf depth recommended for types of media and types of shelving .............................................. 42

Table 2 — Shelf depth for special media furniture ............................................................................................ 42

Table 3 — Recommended length of shelving ranges ........................................................................................ 43

Table 4 — Shelf frame height and number of shelf boards on top of each other for books .............................. 44

Table 5 — Number of shelf boards on top of each other for non-book media .................................................. 45

Table 6 — Shelf capacity for books (standing, spine-out) ................................................................................. 46

Table 7 — Shelf capacity for unbound periodicals and newspapers ................................................................. 47

Table 8 — Required compartments for the yearly issues of one periodical or newspaper ............................... 47

Table 9 — Shelf capacity for non-book media ................................................................................................... 48

Table 10 — Shelf capacity of cabinets for non-book media .............................................................................. 48

Table 11 — Stack aisle width and axis centre distance for shelves of 0,25 m to 0,35 m depth in different

functional areas .......................................................................................................................................... 49

Table 12 — Space needed for access to shelving sections .............................................................................. 53

Table 13 — Required space for books and bound periodicals with standard conditions .................................. 57

Table 14 — Required space for one year of one unbound periodical title with standard conditions................. 57

Table 15 — Required space for one newspaper title (issues of 1 month) with standard conditions ................. 58

Table 16 — Required space for printed music documents with standard conditions ........................................ 58

Table 17 — Required space for maps and plans (folded) with standard conditions ......................................... 59

Table 18 — Required space for maps and plans in cabinets for A0 maps with standard conditions ............... 59

Table 19 — Required space for files with standard conditions.......................................................................... 60

Table 20 — Required space for phonograph records with standard conditions................................................ 61

Table 21 — Required space for CDs and CD-ROMs with standard conditions ................................................ 62

Table 22 — Required space for audio cassettes with standard conditions ....................................................... 63

Table 23 — Required space for DVDs with standard conditions ...................................................................... 64

Table 24 — Required space for video cassettes with standard conditions ....................................................... 65

Table 25 — Space requirements for staff .......................................................................................................... 69

iv © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)

Table 26 — Overview of live load (rounded) ...................................................................................................... 85

Table 27 — Fire extinguishing systems ............................................................................................................. 91

Table 28 — Recommended lighting levels for specified areas .......................................................................... 92

Table 29 — Advantages and disadvantages of the light sources most used in libraries ................................... 97

Table 30 — Recommended acoustic comfort levels for functional areas ........................................................ 100

Table 31 — Types of flooring ........................................................................................................................... 104

© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

In exceptional circumstances, when a technical committee has collected data of a different kind from that

which is normally published as an International Standard (“state of the art”, for example), it may decide by a

simple majority vote of its participating members to publish a Technical Report. A Technical Report is entirely

informative in nature and does not have to be reviewed until the data it provides are considered to be no

longer valid or useful.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO/TR 11219 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 46, Information and documentation,

Subcommittee SC 8, Quality — Statistics and performance evaluation.
vi © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)
Introduction

This Technical Report provides guidance for the planning of library buildings by identifying requirements of

space and technical equipment. It supports decision making for librarians, architects and financing institutions.

This Technical Report considers planning, both for new buildings and for the reconstruction of existing library

buildings or the conversion of other buildings for library use.

In order to plan new or reconstructed buildings, libraries need reliable data that can help them to calculate

their space requirements and to define the respective technical building equipment for housing the collections,

as well as for offering adequate user areas and background areas for the internal library operations. Such

data are not yet available in International Standards.

This Technical Report includes data and specifications for all types of libraries, but especially for academic

and public libraries. Its main topics are space requirements for:

 user areas (user places, reference and information services, lending services, user training, recreation

and communication areas, meeting and exhibition areas);
 collection storage areas (including non-book materials);
 library operations (media processing, bindery, computing and management).

This Technical Report also covers technical aspects like security and safety systems, floor loading, transport

systems, acoustic conditions, lighting systems and wiring and the issues of barrier-free construction and

sustainability.

Annex A gives an overview of issues to consider when planning to reconstruct or reorganize existing buildings

for library purposes. Annex B provides a list of functional areas and rooms to be used when checking the

completeness of the plans.

Several clauses of this Technical Report are partly based on References [13] and [18].

© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved vii
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
TECHNICAL REPORT ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)
Information and documentation — Qualitative conditions and
basic statistics for library buildings — Space, function and
design
1 Scope

This Technical Report specifies data for the planning of library buildings. It also provides guidance on the

selection of technical building equipment for the different functional areas of libraries.

This Technical Report is applicable to all types of libraries in all countries, but especially to academic and

public libraries.

It does not include details on national, regional or local regulations that can affect the planning of library

buildings.
2 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
2.1
academic library

library whose primary function is to cover the information needs of learning and research

Note 1 to entry: This includes libraries of institutions of higher education and general research libraries.

2.2
accession order

arrangement of books or other documents on shelves in the chronological and numerical order of their

addition to a specific category or class, as opposed to an arrangement based entirely on a classification

system
Note 1 to entry: Antonym: classified shelving.
2.3
area for events

floor space for events and exhibitions with special technical requirements as to acoustics, lighting, darkening,

climate and catering
2.4
art lending library

department of a public library with collections of art books, works of art (e.g. pictures, sculptures) and

reproductions, commissioned to lend those books and objects for a specified time period to users

© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)
2.5
audiovisual media

documents in which sound and/or pictures are prominent, and which require the use of special equipment to

be viewed and/or heard

Note 1 to entry: This includes audio documents, pictures and films on different physical carriers.

Note 2 to entry: Adapted from ISO 2789:2006.
2.6
automated storage
ASRS

high-density storage facility with retrieving function of library materials, generally called Automated Storage

and Retrieval System (ASRS)

Note 1 to entry: Advantages of this kind of storage are the efficient use of space and the speed of retrieving and

returning of materials.
2.7
axis centre distance
distance between centres of repeated or similar objects

Note 1 to entry: Such objects can be constructional elements or furniture in a row. For shelves, the axis centre

distance is the distance from centre post to centre post of two parallel single-sided (single-faced) or double-sided (double-

faced) shelves.
2.8
barrier-free access
universal access

accessibility of the library to users with physical requirements other than those of the average user, e.g. as to

the height of shelves, tables and equipment or as to working places for visually impaired persons

2.9
bindery
book binding studio

in-house workshop in a library that performs binding and repair of physical media, especially the daily work

such as repairs, binding in urgent cases, production of brochures for the institution’s own publications, etc.

2.10
book drop

slot, chute, bin or box with a collection container to which materials borrowed from a library can be returned,

especially during hours when the library is closed

Note 1 to entry: Book drops can be free-standing (usually outside the walls of the library) or built into the circulation

desk or an exterior wall.

Note 2 to entry: Book drops are often linked to the library system and/or a transport system.

2.11
book transport system

conveyor transporting media from closed stacks to the check-out or user area and back again after check-in

2.12
carrel

work space for information users in the reader area which is shielded against its surroundings but not

completely closed

Note 1 to entry: In a carrel, working papers can be kept for continuous research.

Note 2 to entry: Adapted from ISO 5127:2001.
2 © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)
2.13
cartographic document
map

conventional representation, on a reduced scale, of concrete or abstract phenomena which can be localized in

space and time

Note 1 to entry: This includes documents such as two- and three-dimensional maps, globes, plans, topographic

models, tactile maps and aerial representations, but excludes atlases and any other cartographic documents in codex,

micro, audiovisual and electronic form.
Note 2 to entry: Adapted from ISO 2789:2006.
2.14
catalogue

ordered list or bibliographic retrieval system allowing access to data and addresses of documents in one or

several collections

Note 1 to entry: Catalogues are for the most part offered in the form of online catalogues accessible via terminal or

workstation. Older forms are catalogues in book form on shelves and card catalogues sorted in drawers of catalogue

cabinets.
Note 2 to entry: Adapted from ISO 5127:2001.
2.15
children’s library

public library area offering special collections and services for children up to 13 years

2.16
circulation space

space needed for access to the rooms, in-house traffic and evacuation of the building in case of need

Note to entry 1: This includes, for example, floor space of corridors, stairway space, lift shafts and traffic area for

vehicles.

Note to entry 2: Movement areas in rooms that belong to the usable area are excluded.

[DIN 277-1:2005-02]
2.17
citizens’ service

service point of the local administration offering easy access for citizens to administrative services (e.g.

renewing passports or driving licences, paying dog licence fees)
Note 1 to entry: The service point can be located in a library.
2.18
classified shelving
storage of media in the order of a subject classification
Note 1 to entry: Classified shelving is usually applied in open-access stacks.
Note 2 to entry: Antonym: accession order (2.2).
2.19
closed stacks
stacks that are not accessible to users
Note 1 to entry: Antonym: open stacks (2.58).
© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)
2.20
compact shelving

shelves or cupboards which are movable on rails with manual or electric steerage and which can be moved

close to each other, thus maximizing the storage capacity of a given space
2.21
conservation
intervention techniques applied to prevent, arrest or delay deterioration
[ISO 5127:2001, definition 6.1.03]
2.22
cross-aisle

corridor or passageway that intersects at a 90-degree angle the shelving ranges and stack aisles in the stack

area of a library, allowing staff and users to move from one range to another without walking to the end of the

range
2.23
delivery entrance

entrance for the receipt or dispatch of library materials or other goods or for the pick-up of waste materials

2.24
desk sharing

policy for minimizing the floor space required for office rooms by which two or more persons share a desk and

equipment, especially useful when allocating background space for staff mainly working in contact with users

2.25
double-faced shelf
double-sided shelf
shelving unit with shelf boards on both long sides
2.26
ductwork

system of ducts for ventilation or the conveyance of liquids, gases, electricity, etc.

2.27
electronic collection
all resources in electronic form in the library collection

Note 1 to entry: The electronic collection includes databases, electronic serials and digital documents such as eBooks,

electronic patents and networked audiovisual documents.
Note 2 to entry: Adapted from ISO 2789:2006.
2.28
exhibition
time-limited display of objects, organized or co-organized by the library

Note 1 to entry: Exhibitions can take place inside or outside the library premises.

2.29
file
dossier

organized unit of documents grouped together either for current use by the creator or in the process of

archival arrangement, because they relate to the same subject, activity or transaction

Note 1 to entry: Adapted from ISO 5127:2001.
4 © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)
2.30
frontal display
face-out

method of displaying media face forward, especially in public libraries, which requires considerably more shelf

area
Note 1 to entry: Antonym: spine-out (2.87).
2.31
functional space

part of the gross floor area that houses the central operational equipment of a building

Note 1 to entry: This includes, for instance, sewage disposal, heating, conveyor technique.

2.32
gross floor area
sum of all floor areas of all levels of a building

Note 1 to entry: This includes the usable area, circulation space, functional space and space occupied by the

constructional elements of the building (pillars, walls, etc.).
2.33
group study place
workplace for joint studying by several users

Note 1 to entry: These places are usually constructed in a way that their use does not materially affect the other users.

2.34
inside width

distance between the inside margins of an object, without taking account of the marginal parts themselves

2.35
interactive spaces

spaces in buildings where ICT (Information and Communication Technology) is integrated in the furniture (e.g.

tables) and in the walls
2.36
interlibrary lending

loan of a document in its physical form or delivery of a document, or part of it, in copied form, from one library

to another which is not under the same administration
Note 1 to entry: Adapted from ISO 2789:2006.
2.37
IT-workplace

workplace equipped with information technology (personal computer, terminal or multimedia equipment, etc.)

2.38
kinderbox

special furniture for presenting large books (picture books, comics) or other media in frontal display

2.39
learning centre
information commons
library service area specially dedicated to learning purposes

Note 1 to entry: Usually, a learning centre integrates library and computer application services, in most cases with a

wireless network, equipment for multimedia use and support services for users by librarians and/or IT specialists.

Note 2 to entry: A learning centre can be a separate facility, inside or outside the library, or an integral part of the

library.
© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)
2.40
lending area
library service area for supplying and returning books and other media for loan
2.41
lending library
circulating library
library that offers collections for loan outside the library
2.42
library

organization, or part of an organization, the main aim of which is to facilitate the use of such information

resources, services and facilities as are required to meet the informational, research, educational, cultural or

recreational needs of its users

Note 1 to entry: The supply of the required information resources can be accomplished by building and maintaining a

collection and/or by organizing access to information resources.

Note 2 to entry: These are the basic requirements for a library and do not exclude any additional resources and

services incidental to its main purpose.
Note 3 to entry: Adapted from ISO 2789:2006.
2.43
linear metre

measure of shelf space for the net space on a shelf, without supporting construction

2.44
live load
variable or movable load of a building unit

Note 1 to entry: This includes persons, equipment (e.g. shelving or compact shelving, inclusive of books and other

media), light partition panels without load, machines and snow.
2.45
loading bay

area at the side of a building where goods are loaded on and off delivery vehicles

2.46
loading ramp
inclined plane between two levels for the passage of delivery vehicles
2.47
loan desk
circulation desk

service point at which media are checked in and out of a library, usually a long counter located near the

entrance or exit with one or more working places for staff
2.48
lounge
meeting and waiting space for users, offering relaxed seating
Note 1 to entry: See also staff lounge (2.91).
2.49
main aisle

stack aisle that serves as access to a larger unit or shelving section, in a room

Note 1 to entry: A stack aisle does not necessarily meet the requirements for a traffic route.

6 © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)
2.50
media centre

library service area providing audiovisual and multimedia documents, equipment and services, staffed to

assist users in using these collections
2.51
microform
photographic document requiring magnification when used

Note 1 to entry: Microforms are to be used with adequate reading devices. Special reader printers allow re-magnifying

of minimized texts and printing on paper.
Note 2 to entry: Adapted from ISO 5127:2001.
2.52
movement area
free area between storage areas or walls

Note 1 to entry: This includes the space which is necessary for usage or operation in

...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TP ISO/TR 11219:2013
01-julij-2013

Informatika in dokumentacija - Kakovostni pogoji in osnovna statistika za zgradbe

knjižnic - Prostor, funkcija in oblikovanje

Information and documentation - Qualitative conditions and basic statistics for library

buildings -- Space, function and design

Information et documentation -- Conditions qualitatives et statistiques fondamentales

pour bâtiments de bibliothèques -- Espaces, fonctions et conception
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ISO/TR 11219:2012
ICS:
01.140.20 Informacijske vede Information sciences
SIST-TP ISO/TR 11219:2013 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST-TP ISO/TR 11219:2013
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST-TP ISO/TR 11219:2013
TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 11219
First edition
2012-05-01
Information and documentation —
Qualitative conditions and basic
statistics for library buildings — Space,
function and design
Information et documentation — Conditions qualitatives et statistiques
fondamentales pour bâtiments de bibliothèques — Espaces, fonctions
et conception
Reference number
ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)
ISO 2012
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST-TP ISO/TR 11219:2013
ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2012

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56  CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST-TP ISO/TR 11219:2013
ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................ vi

Introduction ....................................................................................................................................................... vii

1  Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 1

2  Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................... 1

3  Planning library buildings .................................................................................................................. 13

3.1  First steps in planning ........................................................................................................................ 13

3.2  Factors affecting library space requirements .................................................................................. 16

3.3  Special service areas .......................................................................................................................... 19

3.4  Joint facilities ....................................................................................................................................... 27

4  Usable areas ........................................................................................................................................ 28

4.1  General ................................................................................................................................................. 28

4.2  Space for user places ......................................................................................................................... 29

4.3  Space for events and exhibitions ...................................................................................................... 34

4.4  Space for lending ................................................................................................................................ 35

4.5  Space for reference and information ................................................................................................. 37

4.6  Space for other usage areas .............................................................................................................. 38

4.7  Space for collections .......................................................................................................................... 40

4.8  Space for library staff .......................................................................................................................... 66

4.9  Other spaces for library management and technical services ....................................................... 69

5  Technical building issues ................................................................................................................... 76

5.1  Storage conditions .............................................................................................................................. 76

5.2  Load assumption ................................................................................................................................. 81

5.3  Conveyor systems ............................................................................................................................... 85

5.4  Security and safety systems .............................................................................................................. 88

5.5  Light and lighting ................................................................................................................................ 91

5.6  Acoustic conditions ............................................................................................................................ 98

5.7  Floor construction and covering ..................................................................................................... 102

5.8  Wiring .................................................................................................................................................. 110

5.9  Sign system ....................................................................................................................................... 114

6  Outdoor space ................................................................................................................................... 116

6.1  General ............................................................................................................................................... 116

6.2  Access ................................................................................................................................................ 116

6.3  Open spaces ...................................................................................................................................... 117

7  Barrier free construction .................................................................................................................. 118

7.1  General ............................................................................................................................................... 118

7.2  Measures for barrier free design ..................................................................................................... 118

7.3  Sign system ....................................................................................................................................... 119

7.4  Overview ............................................................................................................................................. 119

8  Sustainable building ......................................................................................................................... 120

8.1  General ............................................................................................................................................... 120

8.2  Energy efficiency ............................................................................................................................... 120

8.3  Conservation of natural resources .................................................................................................. 121

Annex A (informative) Reconstruction and reorganisation of old buildings ............................................ 122

Annex B (informative) List of functional areas and rooms ......................................................................... 125

Bibliography .................................................................................................................................................... 129

© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST-TP ISO/TR 11219:2013
ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)
Figures

Figure 1 — Access to shelving sections ............................................................................................................ 51

Tables

Table 1 — Shelf depth recommended for types of media and types of shelving .............................................. 42

Table 2 — Shelf depth for special media furniture ............................................................................................ 42

Table 3 — Recommended length of shelving ranges ........................................................................................ 43

Table 4 — Shelf frame height and number of shelf boards on top of each other for books .............................. 44

Table 5 — Number of shelf boards on top of each other for non-book media .................................................. 45

Table 6 — Shelf capacity for books (standing, spine-out) ................................................................................. 46

Table 7 — Shelf capacity for unbound periodicals and newspapers ................................................................. 47

Table 8 — Required compartments for the yearly issues of one periodical or newspaper ............................... 47

Table 9 — Shelf capacity for non-book media ................................................................................................... 48

Table 10 — Shelf capacity of cabinets for non-book media .............................................................................. 48

Table 11 — Stack aisle width and axis centre distance for shelves of 0,25 m to 0,35 m depth in different

functional areas .......................................................................................................................................... 49

Table 12 — Space needed for access to shelving sections .............................................................................. 53

Table 13 — Required space for books and bound periodicals with standard conditions .................................. 57

Table 14 — Required space for one year of one unbound periodical title with standard conditions................. 57

Table 15 — Required space for one newspaper title (issues of 1 month) with standard conditions ................. 58

Table 16 — Required space for printed music documents with standard conditions ........................................ 58

Table 17 — Required space for maps and plans (folded) with standard conditions ......................................... 59

Table 18 — Required space for maps and plans in cabinets for A0 maps with standard conditions ............... 59

Table 19 — Required space for files with standard conditions.......................................................................... 60

Table 20 — Required space for phonograph records with standard conditions................................................ 61

Table 21 — Required space for CDs and CD-ROMs with standard conditions ................................................ 62

Table 22 — Required space for audio cassettes with standard conditions ....................................................... 63

Table 23 — Required space for DVDs with standard conditions ...................................................................... 64

Table 24 — Required space for video cassettes with standard conditions ....................................................... 65

Table 25 — Space requirements for staff .......................................................................................................... 69

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Table 26 — Overview of live load (rounded) ...................................................................................................... 85

Table 27 — Fire extinguishing systems ............................................................................................................. 91

Table 28 — Recommended lighting levels for specified areas .......................................................................... 92

Table 29 — Advantages and disadvantages of the light sources most used in libraries ................................... 97

Table 30 — Recommended acoustic comfort levels for functional areas ........................................................ 100

Table 31 — Types of flooring ........................................................................................................................... 104

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ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

In exceptional circumstances, when a technical committee has collected data of a different kind from that

which is normally published as an International Standard (“state of the art”, for example), it may decide by a

simple majority vote of its participating members to publish a Technical Report. A Technical Report is entirely

informative in nature and does not have to be reviewed until the data it provides are considered to be no

longer valid or useful.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO/TR 11219 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 46, Information and documentation,

Subcommittee SC 8, Quality — Statistics and performance evaluation.
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Introduction

This Technical Report provides guidance for the planning of library buildings by identifying requirements of

space and technical equipment. It supports decision making for librarians, architects and financing institutions.

This Technical Report considers planning, both for new buildings and for the reconstruction of existing library

buildings or the conversion of other buildings for library use.

In order to plan new or reconstructed buildings, libraries need reliable data that can help them to calculate

their space requirements and to define the respective technical building equipment for housing the collections,

as well as for offering adequate user areas and background areas for the internal library operations. Such

data are not yet available in International Standards.

This Technical Report includes data and specifications for all types of libraries, but especially for academic

and public libraries. Its main topics are space requirements for:

 user areas (user places, reference and information services, lending services, user training, recreation

and communication areas, meeting and exhibition areas);
 collection storage areas (including non-book materials);
 library operations (media processing, bindery, computing and management).

This Technical Report also covers technical aspects like security and safety systems, floor loading, transport

systems, acoustic conditions, lighting systems and wiring and the issues of barrier-free construction and

sustainability.

Annex A gives an overview of issues to consider when planning to reconstruct or reorganize existing buildings

for library purposes. Annex B provides a list of functional areas and rooms to be used when checking the

completeness of the plans.

Several clauses of this Technical Report are partly based on References [13] and [18].

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TECHNICAL REPORT ISO/TR 11219:2012(E)
Information and documentation — Qualitative conditions and
basic statistics for library buildings — Space, function and
design
1 Scope

This Technical Report specifies data for the planning of library buildings. It also provides guidance on the

selection of technical building equipment for the different functional areas of libraries.

This Technical Report is applicable to all types of libraries in all countries, but especially to academic and

public libraries.

It does not include details on national, regional or local regulations that can affect the planning of library

buildings.
2 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
2.1
academic library

library whose primary function is to cover the information needs of learning and research

Note 1 to entry: This includes libraries of institutions of higher education and general research libraries.

2.2
accession order

arrangement of books or other documents on shelves in the chronological and numerical order of their

addition to a specific category or class, as opposed to an arrangement based entirely on a classification

system
Note 1 to entry: Antonym: classified shelving.
2.3
area for events

floor space for events and exhibitions with special technical requirements as to acoustics, lighting, darkening,

climate and catering
2.4
art lending library

department of a public library with collections of art books, works of art (e.g. pictures, sculptures) and

reproductions, commissioned to lend those books and objects for a specified time period to users

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2.5
audiovisual media

documents in which sound and/or pictures are prominent, and which require the use of special equipment to

be viewed and/or heard

Note 1 to entry: This includes audio documents, pictures and films on different physical carriers.

Note 2 to entry: Adapted from ISO 2789:2006.
2.6
automated storage
ASRS

high-density storage facility with retrieving function of library materials, generally called Automated Storage

and Retrieval System (ASRS)

Note 1 to entry: Advantages of this kind of storage are the efficient use of space and the speed of retrieving and

returning of materials.
2.7
axis centre distance
distance between centres of repeated or similar objects

Note 1 to entry: Such objects can be constructional elements or furniture in a row. For shelves, the axis centre

distance is the distance from centre post to centre post of two parallel single-sided (single-faced) or double-sided (double-

faced) shelves.
2.8
barrier-free access
universal access

accessibility of the library to users with physical requirements other than those of the average user, e.g. as to

the height of shelves, tables and equipment or as to working places for visually impaired persons

2.9
bindery
book binding studio

in-house workshop in a library that performs binding and repair of physical media, especially the daily work

such as repairs, binding in urgent cases, production of brochures for the institution’s own publications, etc.

2.10
book drop

slot, chute, bin or box with a collection container to which materials borrowed from a library can be returned,

especially during hours when the library is closed

Note 1 to entry: Book drops can be free-standing (usually outside the walls of the library) or built into the circulation

desk or an exterior wall.

Note 2 to entry: Book drops are often linked to the library system and/or a transport system.

2.11
book transport system

conveyor transporting media from closed stacks to the check-out or user area and back again after check-in

2.12
carrel

work space for information users in the reader area which is shielded against its surroundings but not

completely closed

Note 1 to entry: In a carrel, working papers can be kept for continuous research.

Note 2 to entry: Adapted from ISO 5127:2001.
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2.13
cartographic document
map

conventional representation, on a reduced scale, of concrete or abstract phenomena which can be localized in

space and time

Note 1 to entry: This includes documents such as two- and three-dimensional maps, globes, plans, topographic

models, tactile maps and aerial representations, but excludes atlases and any other cartographic documents in codex,

micro, audiovisual and electronic form.
Note 2 to entry: Adapted from ISO 2789:2006.
2.14
catalogue

ordered list or bibliographic retrieval system allowing access to data and addresses of documents in one or

several collections

Note 1 to entry: Catalogues are for the most part offered in the form of online catalogues accessible via terminal or

workstation. Older forms are catalogues in book form on shelves and card catalogues sorted in drawers of catalogue

cabinets.
Note 2 to entry: Adapted from ISO 5127:2001.
2.15
children’s library

public library area offering special collections and services for children up to 13 years

2.16
circulation space

space needed for access to the rooms, in-house traffic and evacuation of the building in case of need

Note to entry 1: This includes, for example, floor space of corridors, stairway space, lift shafts and traffic area for

vehicles.

Note to entry 2: Movement areas in rooms that belong to the usable area are excluded.

[DIN 277-1:2005-02]
2.17
citizens’ service

service point of the local administration offering easy access for citizens to administrative services (e.g.

renewing passports or driving licences, paying dog licence fees)
Note 1 to entry: The service point can be located in a library.
2.18
classified shelving
storage of media in the order of a subject classification
Note 1 to entry: Classified shelving is usually applied in open-access stacks.
Note 2 to entry: Antonym: accession order (2.2).
2.19
closed stacks
stacks that are not accessible to users
Note 1 to entry: Antonym: open stacks (2.58).
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2.20
compact shelving

shelves or cupboards which are movable on rails with manual or electric steerage and which can be moved

close to each other, thus maximizing the storage capacity of a given space
2.21
conservation
intervention techniques applied to prevent, arrest or delay deterioration
[ISO 5127:2001, definition 6.1.03]
2.22
cross-aisle

corridor or passageway that intersects at a 90-degree angle the shelving ranges and stack aisles in the stack

area of a library, allowing staff and users to move from one range to another without walking to the end of the

range
2.23
delivery entrance

entrance for the receipt or dispatch of library materials or other goods or for the pick-up of waste materials

2.24
desk sharing

policy for minimizing the floor space required for office rooms by which two or more persons share a desk and

equipment, especially useful when allocating background space for staff mainly working in contact with users

2.25
double-faced shelf
double-sided shelf
shelving unit with shelf boards on both long sides
2.26
ductwork

system of ducts for ventilation or the conveyance of liquids, gases, electricity, etc.

2.27
electronic collection
all resources in electronic form in the library collection

Note 1 to entry: The electronic collection includes databases, electronic serials and digital documents such as eBooks,

electronic patents and networked audiovisual documents.
Note 2 to entry: Adapted from ISO 2789:2006.
2.28
exhibition
time-limited display of objects, organized or co-organized by the library

Note 1 to entry: Exhibitions can take place inside or outside the library premises.

2.29
file
dossier

organized unit of documents grouped together either for current use by the creator or in the process of

archival arrangement, because they relate to the same subject, activity or transaction

Note 1 to entry: Adapted from ISO 5127:2001.
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2.30
frontal display
face-out

method of displaying media face forward, especially in public libraries, which requires considerably more shelf

area
Note 1 to entry: Antonym: spine-out (2.87).
2.31
functional space

part of the gross floor area that houses the central operational equipment of a building

Note 1 to entry: This includes, for instance, sewage disposal, heating, conveyor technique.

2.32
gross floor area
sum of all floor areas of all levels of a building

Note 1 to entry: This includes the usable area, circulation space, functional space and space occupied by the

constructional elements of the building (pillars, walls, etc.).
2.33
group study place
workplace for joint studying by several users

Note 1 to entry: These places are usually constructed in a way that their use does not materially affect the other users.

2.34
inside width

distance between the inside margins of an object, without taking account of the marginal parts themselves

2.35
interactive spaces

spaces in buildings where ICT (Information and Communication Technology) is integrated in the furniture (e.g.

tables) and in the walls
2.36
interlibrary lending

loan of a document in its physical form or delivery of a document, or part of it, in copied form, from one library

to another which is not under the same administration
Note 1 to entry: Adapted from ISO 2789:2006.
2.37
IT-workplace

workplace equipped with information technology (personal computer, terminal or multimedia equipment, etc.)

2.38
kinderbox

special furniture for presenting large books (picture books, comics) or other media in frontal display

2.39
learning centre
information commons
library service area specially dedicated to learning purposes

Note 1 to entry: Usually, a learning centre integrates library and computer application services, in most cases with a

wireless network, equipment for multimedia use and support services for users by librarians and/or IT specialists.

Note 2 to entry: A learning centre can be a separate facility, inside or outside the library, or an integral part of the

library.
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2.40
lending area
library service area for supplying and returning books and other media for loan
2.41
lending library
circulating library
library that offers collections for loan outside the library
2.42
library

organization, or part of an organization, the main aim of which is to facilitate the use of such information

resources, services and facilities as are required to meet the informational, research, educational, cultural or

recreational needs of its users

Note 1 to entry: The supply of the required information resources can be accomplished by building and maintaining a

collection and/or by organizing access to information resources.

Note 2 to entry: These are the basic requirements for a library and do not exclude any additional resources and

services incidental to its main purpose.
Note 3 to entry: Adapted from ISO 2789:2006.
2.43
linear metre

measure of shelf space for the net space on a shelf, without supporting construction

2.44
live load
variable or movable load of a building unit

Note 1 to entry: This includes persons, equipment (e.g. shelving or compact shelving, inclusive of books and other

media), light partition panels without load, machines and snow.
2.45
loading bay

area at the side of a building where goods are loaded on and off delivery vehicles

2.46
loa
...

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